Candlemaking 101 - Create a Container Candle
- Candlemaking Terms
- Candle Supplies/Equipment
- Safety Precautions
- Color Mixing
- Take Notes
- Create A Candle
- Testing Intro
- Test Burn
In this candlemaking tutorial I'm going to show you step by step how to create a container candle that is double wicked. Please review all our Candlemaking 101 - Articles and Candlemaking - Tips and Tricks before attempting this tutorial so you will be familiar with some of the procedures, terms, and safety precautions needed for this tutorial.
You will need to use the following items in order to create your candle.
- Container - make sure it's heat resistant and leak proof
- Wax (made specifically for container candles - any blend)
- Melter or Double Boiler System including a Pour Pot
- Fragrance Oil - You'll need to use one that is candle safe
- Candle Dye (liquid, block, flakes, or powder)
- Wicks - primed and pretabbed along with wick stickers to secure to your jar
- Gloves - to protect your skin from the fragrance oil that should never be applied directly to the skin
- Popsicle Sticks - (with predrilled holes) to secure your wicks in place
- Misc. Items - paper towel for clean up and wax paper, newspaper, or tin foil to place your candle on
Prepare your work area. Line your counter or table with wax paper, paper towel, newspaper, or tinfoil to protect your surface from any accidental spills of the hot wax.
Carefully weigh your wax making sure to use the correct amount for your container. Place your weighed wax inside your pour pot and melt it according to the directions your wax supplier has provided for you by using the double boiler method as described on our Candlemaking 101 - Candlemaking Terms page. Make sure you use your thermometer to carefully monitor the temperature of your wax making sure you don't let it get too hot.
While your wax is heating up you can prepare your container. Attach wick stickers to each wick and then use your candle template to align your wicks in your jar or you can eyeball it making sure they are centered.
Firmly press down on your wicks using a hollow Bic pen or popsicle stick to make sure they are securely attached to the bottom of the jar. Lay a popsicle stick (with predrilled holes) across the top of your jar to keep your wicks in place. Now is a good time to put your gloves on.
Once your wax is at the correct temp and fully melted, then you will remove the wax from heat. Add your dye along with any additives (I'm not using any for the purpose of this tutorial). Give your wax a good stir to incorporate the dye and then add your weighed fragrance oil.
I always start my candle testing at 1 oz. per pound of wax. So with this 16 oz. apothecary jar, I actually put 16 oz. of weighed wax in the jar along with .96 oz. (6%) of fragrance oil. So my total candle weight is 16.96 oz. or approx. 17 oz. Make sure you stir your wax mixture until you can see the fragrance oil and dye are fully blended.
Now you are ready to pour your candle into your jar. You should pour slowly to avoid air bubbles.
Quickly wipe your pour pot out with paper towel while it's still warm so you can reuse it for your next project.
Now lightly pull your wicks tight and bend them over the popsicle stick making sure your wicks look centered. Let your candle cool without touching it or moving it for at least 8 hours.
Remove the popsicle stick and trim your wicks after the candle has completely cooled. I trim my wicks to 1/2" because I use soy wax, but you may need to trim them shorter for other types of wax. I recommend trimming the wicks so your customers don't have to. That way you'll know for sure they are trimmed to the proper height.
If the top of your candle sinks, cracks, or has dimples you can easily fix this by using your heat gun to smooth out your tops. You should not test burn your candle for at least 24-48 hours.
Now comes the fun part of testing your candle to make sure your wicks burn correctly.